Brazil

General data about Indigenous Lands in Brazil

724

In Brazil

120

Identification studies

43

Identified

74

Declared

487

Homologated or Reservated

13%

Of Brazil

Peoples 262
Population in ILs 666117
Languages and dialects 154
News 55731

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Where are?

The Indigenous Lands are found in the different Brazilian legal jurisdictions.

Indigenous Lands by Legal Jurisdiction

Legal Jurisdiction Lands Area (ha) % of total
Amazônia Legal 424 115,294,899 59
Domínio Mata Atlântica 215 1,413,213 30
Outros 85 668,909 12
Total 724 117,377,021 100

Indigenous Lands by State

US Lands Total of ILs area (ha)
AC 36 2,573,801.02
AL 12 27,919.43
AM 164 45,800,730.73
AP 6 1,191,137.48
BA 32 326,935.20
CE 11 21,407.47
DF 1 N/A
ES 3 18,373.95
GO 5 37,751.59
MA 22 2,451,149.21
MG 14 125,585.22
MS 56 889,709.97
MT 79 15,044,035.63
PA 64 30,915,946.08
PB 4 33,788.63
PE 18 200,470.87
PI 0 N/A
PR 29 124,530.32
RJ 5 4,674.45
RN 1 N/A
RO 26 5,023,489.50
RR 33 10,381,053.60
RS 48 113,183.82
SC 21 81,699.79
SE 2 4,412.20
SP 33 75,053.45
TO 14 2,598,194.52
Note: Some ILs can have their area under more than one state, so the number of ILs presented for each state can not be summed.

Pressures and Threats

Deforestation

Deforestation is one of the main threats to Indigenous Lands. The ranking below bringsthe ten most deforested ILs in the Legal Amazon in the year of analysis. Click on the legend of the graph and compare deforestation year by year with the percentage of the area preserved in each Indigenous Land.

Click in the graph subtitle and compare the deforestation year by year with the rate preserved on each Indigenous Land.

Hotspots

The increase in the forest and grasslands fires is a constant threat to the Indigenous Lands, especially in the Cerrado (the Brazilian Savanna) and Amazon.

Mining

Mining Applications

A mineração é uma atividade altamente impactante que pode contaminar os cursos dágua, o solo e a fauna e a flora. Por isso, mesmo não sendo permitida em Terras Indígenas, as pretensões de exploração minerária são ameaças constantes às Terras Indígenas e aos povos que neles vivem.

The 10 more Indigenous Lands with

Main applicants

Main applicants Total amount Total Process Area (ha) Total Area in ILs (ha)
Mineração Silvana Industria e Comercio Ltda 598 5,782,069.72 5,129,901.13
Vale S A 212 2,075,709.15 1,784,561.03
Mineração Tanagra Ltda. 131 1,200,016.11 1,014,183.75
MINERAÇÃO SERRA MORENA LTDA 113 865,007.30 850,996.97
Iguape Sociedade de Mineração Iguape Ltda 53 428,322.52 422,513.06
MINERAÇÃO CAMBOINHAS LTDA 51 501,288.73 479,115.21
EMPRESA DE MINERAÇÃO GALESA LTDA 44 424,555.32 373,041.73
Mineração Guanhães Ltda 41 347,961.33 336,602.64
Gamelas Industria & Comércio Ltda Me 41 409,328.70 392,605.56
Jenipapo Recursos Naturais S.a. 38 379,144.04 300,674.01

Lands with more processes

Lands with more requested area

News

Total of 55731 news about Indigenous Lands in the database. RSS

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