Brazil

General data about Indigenous Lands in Brazil

724

In Brazil

120

Identification studies

44

Identified

73

Declared

487

Homologated or Reservated

13%

Of Brazil

Peoples 262
Population in ILs 665456
Languages and dialects 154
News 56040

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Where are?

The Indigenous Lands are found in the different Brazilian legal jurisdictions.

Indigenous Lands by Legal Jurisdiction

Legal Jurisdiction Lands Area (ha) % of total
Amazônia Legal 424 115,294,899 59
Domínio Mata Atlântica 215 1,413,745 30
Outros 85 668,909 12
Total 724 117,377,553 100

Indigenous Lands by State

US Lands Total of ILs area (ha)
AC 36 2,573,801.02
AL 12 27,919.43
AM 164 45,800,730.73
AP 6 1,191,137.48
BA 32 326,935.20
CE 11 21,407.47
DF 1 N/A
ES 3 18,373.95
GO 5 37,751.59
MA 22 2,451,149.21
MG 14 125,585.22
MS 56 889,709.97
MT 79 15,044,035.63
PA 64 30,915,946.08
PB 4 33,788.63
PE 18 200,470.87
PI 0 N/A
PR 29 124,530.32
RJ 5 4,674.45
RN 1 N/A
RO 26 5,023,489.50
RR 33 10,381,053.60
RS 48 113,183.82
SC 21 81,699.79
SE 2 4,412.20
SP 33 75,053.45
TO 14 2,598,194.52
Note: Some ILs can have their area under more than one state, so the number of ILs presented for each state can not be summed.

Pressures and Threats

Deforestation

Deforestation is one of the main threats to Indigenous Lands. The ranking below bringsthe ten most deforested ILs in the Legal Amazon in the year of analysis. Click on the legend of the graph and compare deforestation year by year with the percentage of the area preserved in each Indigenous Land.

Click in the graph subtitle and compare the deforestation year by year with the rate preserved on each Indigenous Land.

Hotspots

The increase in the forest and grasslands fires is a constant threat to the Indigenous Lands, especially in the Cerrado (the Brazilian Savanna) and Amazon.

Mining

Mining Applications

A mineração é uma atividade altamente impactante que pode contaminar os cursos dágua, o solo e a fauna e a flora. Por isso, mesmo não sendo permitida em Terras Indígenas, as pretensões de exploração minerária são ameaças constantes às Terras Indígenas e aos povos que neles vivem.

The 10 more Indigenous Lands with

Main applicants

Main applicants Total amount Total Process Area (ha) Total Area in ILs (ha)
Mineração Silvana Industria e Comercio Ltda 87 630,843.63 405,157.66
MINERAÇÃO SERRA MORENA LTDA 72 453,173.21 439,162.90
Iguape Sociedade de Mineração Iguape Ltda 53 428,322.52 422,513.05
Rio Grande Mineração S A 37 342,309.68 125,141.66
MINERAÇÃO NOVO ASTRO SA 35 284,686.32 270,505.30
MINERAÇÃO MONTES RORAIMA LTDA 33 320,230.96 307,947.74
Vale S A 32 271,611.95 165,480.60
Mineração da Amazônia Ltda 29 208,215.76 198,591.83
MINERAÇÃO BARAUNA LTDA 29 245,972.49 243,297.44
CIA DE DESENV DE RORAIMA CODESAIMA 29 279,186.65 275,810.94

Lands with more processes

Lands with more requested area

News

Total of 56040 news about Indigenous Lands in the database. RSS

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